Babies’ skin is very sensitive, they can have allergies or rashes. Rashes are very common in babies. There are two very common types of rashes and they are cradle cap rash and eczema. People often get confused between cradle cap vs eczema. Let’s clear our doubts with some vital information:
Overview: Eczema Versus Cradle Cap
What is Cradle Cap Rash?
A cradle cap is a thick patch that appears on the scalp due to excessive production of oil from the skin glands surrounding hair follicles. It can appear as white or yellow in color, with thick crusts on the scalp.
What is Eczema?
People often ask this question especially new parents because it can be seen in babies and parents get worried when they do not have the proper information. Eczema is an inflammation that causes itching and red patches on the skin which is also known as atopic dermatitis which can be seen in early childhood. It is more common in those babies who have a family history of the condition.
Difference Between Cradle Cap & Eczema
In babies, eczema usually appears on the cheeks, forehead, and scalp. In some cases, it can also be seen on a baby’s knees and elbows. On the other hand, the cradle cap is mainly seen on the scalp of a baby and especially on the area behind the ears. In some cases, it can be seen on eyebrows, armpits, or diaper areas (around the groin in male children).
Causes of Cradle Cap And Eczema
What Causes a Cradle Cap?
The cause of cradle cap occurs before the birth because the main reason for cradle cap is hormones of the mother. These hormones cross the placenta before birth which causes the oil glands of the baby to be overactive.
What Causes Eczema In Babies?
Eczema is caused due to a number of factors. Parent genes are considered the most common cause of eczema in babies. Other than that, dry skin, weak immune systems, and allergens in the environment are some other causes of infant eczema.
Treatment – Eczema Vs Cradle Cap
Cradle cap in babies usually appears at the age of 3 months or so and it can last up to 3 to 4 years of age and usually disappears on its own without causing any harm. Cradle cap is not very serious so usually, you don’t need any medical treatment for your baby.
But infant eczema, on the other hand, requires medical treatment and much more care depending on the type of eczema a baby has.
So if your baby has red-colored rashes that seem to irritate your baby and are not going away then you should consult a dermatologist as this can be eczema and eczema usually comes along with some kind of allergies or asthma that can cause serious health issues to your baby in future so you should definitely see a doctor.
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Cradle Cap Prevention Vs Eczema Prevention
Both cradle cap and eczema can be prevented to an extent by following some simple tips.
Prevention From Cradle Cap
- If your baby has an oily scalp, give bath at least twice or thrice a week.
- Use a mild fragrance-free shampoo.
- If your baby’s scalp is dry, use natural moisturizers like baby oil, coconut oil, jojoba oil etc.
- Never scratch or pick on flacks as this can cause infection in cradle cap.
- Gently brush baby’s hair in one direction to take out the flacks.
Prevention From Eczema
To prevent eczema outbreaks for your baby, follow these tips
- Warm water bath
- Use mild fragrance-free soap or cleanser
- After bath, avoid rubbing and just dab dry the baby’s skin with a soft cloth.
- Use fragrance-free natural baby products for after bath skin care.
- Use mild fragrance free detergent to wash baby’s clothings
- Avoid tight fitted clothes so the baby’s skin can breathe and do not get hurt by friction.
Final Words – Eczema Vs Cradle Cap
In the end, we can conclude that with the above information you can know if your baby has cradle cap or eczema and by knowing this you can take corrective measures for your baby’s skincare at the right time.
So if your baby has a cradle cap you don’t have to worry much but if you think your baby has eczema, then you should visit your doctor as some types of eczema can be a reason for an underlying health issue.
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