The Fifth disease is a viral disease that is caused by human parvovirus b19. It is very common in children under the age of 4 to 10 years but sometimes adults can get the fifth disease too. And it can be seen in newborn babies as well.
Its main visible symptom is a red-colored rash on the cheeks. That is why it is also known as slapped cheek disease. Fifth is considered highly contagious and it mostly spreads in the late winter or early spring season. So let’s plunge into this article to know about the fifth disease incubation period.
Incubation Period of Fifth Disease
Before discussing the fifth disease incubation period, for those who must be thinking, what is the incubation period?
The time period starting from getting in contact with any infectious agent till the first symptoms of the disease appear is called the incubation period. The person can be contagious during the incubation period in most infectious diseases.
The fifth disease usually has an incubation period of 7 to 14 days.
If your baby or toddler has gotten infected with the parvovirus b19, then he/she can spread the virus in this period.
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Symptoms of Fifth Disease Incubation Period
The fifth disease symptoms start to appear in the first or second week after getting infected with the human parvovirus. The following symptoms can be seen in the fifth disease-affected children.
- Fever : A mild fever can be the first sign of the fifth disease. Although it is wrong to conclude anything at this stage. Because a mild fever can be a symptom of many other infections too.
- Cold : Cold like symptoms such as a runny nose or stuffy nose can be another symptom of the fifth disease
- Fatigue : Your kid may also experience fatigue or lethargy.
- Headache : Your kid may also experience a mild headache if they have a fifth disease. But these all are just primary symptoms. So you still can be sure if this is a fifth disease or any other viral infection.
- Rashes : Fifth disease rash stage usually occurs after 2 to 3 weeks of getting affected. In this stage red or pink flat rashes appear on the kid’s face. And when you see this symptom along with the above symptoms. Then you can easily conclude that your baby might have the fifth disease.
- Rash Spread : Rash can sometimes spread to a kid’s arms and chest too although the rash usually disappears after 5-10 days without causing any pain or irritation.
- Itchiness : In some cases, the fifth disease rash can be itchy.
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Treatment of Fifth Disease
The fifth disease is rarely a cause of medical concern. The rashes disappear on their own. But if you want to give any over-the-counter (OTCs) medicines to ease down the symptoms (like fever, cold, or headache) of your child. It is better to take advice from your doctor. Especially if your kid is younger than 6 years or if you have a fifth disease in your newborn baby.
Prevention of Fifth Disease
The fifth disease can be easily prevented by following the given tips:
- If you think your child has fifth disease, it’s better to keep him/her away from school/kindergarten. So that it doesn’t spread to other children.
- If your child has fifth disease, keep him away from other adults, especially pregnant women. Even though most people have faced this viral disease in childhood. And hence have grown immune to it still, fifth disease can be contagious to adults too.
- Always wash your hands after coming home, before meals, and after touching infected surfaces, and teach your child the same.
- Discuss basic hygiene facilities in your child’s school or kindergarten.
So you don’t have to worry if your baby/toddler gets affected by the fifth disease. Most kids overcome the fifth disease without any treatment. But if the rashes don’t fade away or your baby is experiencing fever and other symptoms longer than usual then you should see your doctor.
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